O-RAN as an Enabler for Energy Efficiency in 5G Networks

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In this blog post, we provide a general overview of ways to improve EE in contemporary mobile networks. This is followed up by some representative examples of algorithms aiming at EE optimization at different levels, with a focus on the utilization of ML techniques. We then put it in the context of O-RAN where the deployment of EE-focused aspects and algorithms is discussed.

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„The O-RAN Whitepaper 2022 – RAN Intelligent Controller”

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RAN Intelligent Controller (RIC) is one of the key elements in the O-RAN architecture, which allows feeding an „external” intelligence into the operations of the radio network. It creates a platform for which the software companies could provide per-use case AI-powered algorithms to make way for, among others, radio resources usage or procedure optimizations. This whitepaper provides an overview of the RIC, discusses its functional split into Non-Real-Time and Near-Real-Time entities along with the concept and examples of rApps and xApps.

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5G-Advanced: 3GPP Rel-18 SA2 Features

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On the 20th of December 2021, 3GPP SA TSG approved a total of 28 WIs/SIs for the SA2 Rel-18 at the SA plenary meeting #94e. 3GPP Rel-18 is the first release of the 5G-Advanced standard. The approved projects include TSN, NW slicing, support for edge computing, NW automation, location services, AI and ML-based services, XR services to name a few. In this post, we elaborate on each of the approved WI/SI entering 5G-Advanced standardization.

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3GPP Rel-18: 5G-Advanced RAN Features

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3GPP Rel-18 is the first release of the 5G-Advanced standard. On the 17th of December 2021, 3GPP TSG RAN plenary (3GPP RAN TSG #94e) approved 28 Release-18 projects (i.e., Study- and Work-Items, SI/WI) with the following split among RAN groups: 12 RAN1-led projects, 10 RAN2-led projects, 5 RAN3-led projects, and 1 RAN4-led project. Those topics include AI/ML for NR and NG-RAN, NTN and MIMO enhancements, evolution for sidelink, UAV, RedCap, SON, QoE, XR services, to name a few. In this post, we elaborate on each of the approved projects entering 5G-Advanced standardization.

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O-RAN Non-RT RIC: Architecture and rApps

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The goal of Non-RT RIC is to support intelligent RAN optimization by providing policy-based guidance, model management, and enrichment information to the Near-RT RIC function so that the RAN can be optimized. Non-RT RIC works within the management plane and operates on seconds and minutes timescale. In this post, we provide the architecture of the Non-RT RIC and discuss the example applications, called rApps.

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xApp Implementation: O-RAN Traffic Steering Use Case

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In this post, we focus on the implementation of a simple xApp tailored for the traffic steering use case. The goal of this xApp is to support the network providers to reassign the traffic from one gNB to the other in order to meet some predefined criteria. We will see some results of the great opportunity offered by Open RAN that the operator can easily install, modify or remove the xApp when needed.

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CI/CD in O-RAN design

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In this post, we briefly present, how the concept of open RAN meets immediately one of the key approaches in distributed software design, mainly CI/CD. Clearly, these two domains cannot be compared directly, but as we will see, the O-RAN concept modifies significantly the whole software design process.

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Challenges to Open RAN

Open RAN challenges post

Open RAN is the separation of software functionality from the underlying hardware. This is called “disaggregation.” It is also the process of defining functional blocks in the network and clearly and precisely specifying the interfaces between those functional blocks. Most who study such things believe it to be true. But before we break out the Champaign, we should be a bit more circumspect and evaluate the threats to Open RAN. What might prevent Open RAN from reaching its potential?

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„The O-RAN Whitepaper”

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Open RAN, as a new approach to building mobile networks, offers
faster innovation and the possibility of lowering costs. This whitepaper
provides an overview of Open RAN in general, and O-RAN specifically.
The O-RAN concept, relevant standardization, and ecosystem players
are introduced. The architecture as defined by the O-RAN Alliance
is described. Near-Real-Time RAN Intelligent Controller (RIC) along
with the idea of xApps is discussed. The use cases for O-RAN are
overviewed with a particular focus on Traffic Steering.

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